What to Feed Deer in Your Backyard: The Ultimate Guide

If you’re lucky enough to have a backyard that’s frequently visited by deer, you might be wondering what the best foods are to keep these elegant creatures coming back for more. Feeding deer can be an enjoyable and rewarding experience, both for you and your furry friends. However, it’s essential to provide them with a balanced and nutritious diet that will promote their overall health and well-being. In this blog post, we’ll delve deep into the world of deer nutrition and share some tips on what to feed your backyard visitors so they can continue gracing your property with their presence. So grab a cup of coffee (or tea), sit back, and let’s learn how to become the ultimate deer whisperer!

A Word of Caution: Check Local Regulations

Before we dive into the specifics of deer feeding, it’s important to note that there may be local regulations or laws governing wildlife feeding in your area. Some municipalities or states have specific rules in place due to concerns about spreading diseases among wild animals or creating unnatural dependencies on human-provided food sources.

Make sure you check with your local authorities or state wildlife agency before setting up a deer buffet in your backyard. After all, our goal is not only to enjoy watching these beautiful animals but also ensure their long-term welfare.

Understanding Deer Nutrition

Feeding deer properly requires understanding their nutritional needs as well as the types of foods they naturally consume in the wild. Deer are herbivores – meaning they eat plants – but more specifically, they are classified as browsers rather than grazers like cows or sheep. This means that instead of exclusively consuming grasses, they tend to nibble on various plant parts such as leaves, buds, stems, bark, and twigs.

During different seasons throughout the year, a deer’s diet will vary based on food availability. In general:

  • Spring: Deer will eat fresh green growth, including grasses, clover, and other herbaceous plants.
  • Summer: As the vegetation becomes more abundant, deer will consume a wider variety of forbs (non-grass flowering plants), leaves from trees and shrubs, and various fruits (like blackberries).
  • Fall: With the approach of winter, deer switch to consuming more woody plant materials such as twigs and acorns (also known as mast) to store fat reserves for the colder months.
  • Winter: When food is scarce during winter months, deer rely heavily on woody browse like branches from deciduous trees.

When it comes to feeding deer in your backyard, you should aim to mimic their natural diet as closely as possible. This means providing them with a mix of foods that are high in nutrients like proteins, carbohydrates, fiber, vitamins, and minerals while avoiding low-quality or harmful items.

What Foods Are Safe to Feed Deer?

Now that we have a basic understanding of what constitutes a healthy diet for deer let’s look at some safe options you can offer them in your backyard.

1. Fruits

Deer love fruits! Apples are among their favorites – particularly fallen apples that they can find beneath apple trees. Pears are also popular choices. If you have fruit-bearing trees in or near your backyard already then consider yourself lucky – but if not you can purchase these fruits at a local grocery store or farmer’s market. Be sure to provide the fruit on an elevated platform so it doesn’t quickly rot on the ground!

Other suitable fruits include:

  • Grapes
  • Berries (strawberries, raspberries)
  • Plums
  • Watermelon rinds

Remember that moderation is key when offering fruit because too much sugar can upset their digestive systems.

2. Vegetables

Many vegetables provide essential nutrients for deer without causing any harm. Some deer-approved veggies include:

  • Carrots
  • Sweet potatoes
  • Green beans
  • Peas

Again, it’s important to avoid overloading them with too many vegetables at once. Offer a mix of these items in small amounts to provide variety in their diet.

3. Legumes and Grains

Legumes such as soybeans are an excellent source of protein and can be a great addition to your backyard deer menu. You can also offer grains like corn or oats, but use caution when providing these because they are high in carbohydrates and can lead to obesity if fed too frequently.

4. Natural Food Plots

If you have the space for it, creating a natural food plot is one of the best ways to entice deer into your backyard while also providing them with nutritious fare that mimics their wild diet. Consider planting various types of plants that they find particularly appealing, such as:

  • Clovers
  • Alfalfa
  • Chicory
  • Brassicas (like turnips or radishes)
  • Fruit-bearing trees or shrubs (e.g., apple trees, berry bushes)

By encouraging the growth of native plants that deer naturally consume, you’re not only helping to support their dietary needs but also contributing positively toward local biodiversity.

What Foods Should You Avoid Feeding Deer?

While there are plenty of safe options for feeding deer in your backyard, some foods should be avoided altogether due to potential health risks:

1. Human Foods and Processed Snacks

It might be tempting to toss your leftover potato chips or scraps from dinner onto the lawn for your furry friends; however, doing so is dangerous for them. Processed human foods often contain unhealthy levels of sodium and other additives that can cause serious harm or even death if consumed by animals like deer.

2. High-Carbohydrate Foods

As mentioned earlier, moderation is essential when offering carbohydrate-rich foods like corn or oats. Overconsumption can lead to obesity, which in turn can cause health problems and make it harder for deer to evade predators.

3. Bread

Although deer might eat bread if it’s available, it provides little nutritional value and can even be harmful if consumed in large quantities. As a simple carbohydrate with low fiber content, bread is difficult for deer to digest properly and offers minimal benefits when compared to more natural food sources.

Additional Tips for Feeding Deer Safely

Now that we’ve covered the basics of what to feed (and not feed) deer in your backyard, here are some additional tips to ensure their safety and well-being:

  1. Clean feeding stations regularly: Keeping your feeding stations clean is crucial in preventing the spread of diseases among deer populations. Be sure to sanitize any platforms or containers used for offering food, remove moldy or spoiled items promptly, and rake away debris from under fruit trees.
  2. Avoid overfeeding: While it’s tempting to keep those adorable faces coming back for more, avoid providing too much food at once. It’s better to offer small amounts consistently rather than encouraging large groups of deer to congregate – this helps reduce competition and fights among animals while also discouraging them from becoming too reliant on human handouts.
  3. Provide water: If you’re going through the effort of offering food for your backyard visitors, don’t forget about their need for hydration! Providing a clean source of fresh water – such as a birdbath or shallow trough – will encourage deer to frequent your property even more.
  4. Stay observant: Keep an eye out for signs of illness or injury among visiting deer so you can report any concerns promptly to local wildlife authorities.

In Conclusion

Feeding deer in your backyard can be a fulfilling pastime that allows you both observe these graceful creatures up close while also contributing positively toward their well-being. By understanding their nutritional needs and providing a balanced diet that includes fruits, vegetables, legumes, grains, and natural plant materials, you can ensure that your backyard visitors stay healthy and happy.

Just remember to always check local regulations before embarking on your deer feeding journey – and above all else, enjoy the unique opportunity to connect with these beautiful animals in a responsible and sustainable way! Happy deer watching!